There is no denying that obesity is undesirable for cosmetic and health reasons. Everybody wants to keep their body at the right weight according to their gender, height, and age. One of the first things that will indicate you are getting obese is having a bigger waistline. But is that all it takes? Let us explore how you can test and diagnose obesity?
Calculating the body mass index (BMI)
The BMI calculation is the most basic test to determine somebody’s level of obesity. Experts recommend annual body mass index calculation, but you can also do it more often especially if you feel like you are adding more weight. Calculating the BMI is very easy, and there are numerous MI calculators online to help you with that. Knowing your BMI will also assist in determining your health risk and the appropriate treatment.
Measuring the waist circumference
After knowing your BMI, the next thing is to check your waist circumference. This exercise also helps assess your health risk as the fat around your waist can increase the chances of getting diabetes or heart disease. Men should have a waist of fewer than 40 inches while women should not exceed 35 inches. Ensure that you check your waist circumference every time you calculate the BMI.
Checking your health history
After checking the obvious (BMI and waist circumference), your doctor may proceed to take your medical history to determine whether you are obese or not. The doctor will review your weight history, exercise habits, any weight-loss efforts, and your eating patterns. They will also review any other health issue including medications you have taken and stress levels. Your family history is also subject to review.
General physical exam
When testing whether you have obesity or not, the doctor will have to conduct a general physical exam. Your height will be measured and then he/she will proceed to check your vital signs, such as blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature. They will listen to your heart and lung and also examine the abdomen. All this is to check whether your body is behaving normally.
Checking other health problems
The doctor is supposed to evaluate your health problems while conducting an obesity exam. Some diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure might be an indication of obesity. It is, therefore, critical to have such conditions checked for when testing for obesity.
Blood and heart tests
Depending on your risk factors, current symptoms, and overall health, the doctor might deem it fit to conduct some blood tests. These can include a cholesterol test, fasting glucose, liver function tests, or a thyroid test. Heart tests like an electrocardiogram may also be carried out.
Once you start getting obese, you will notice as you will have added a couple of pounds and the waistline will increase too. You might not notice instantly as getting obese is a progressive event. You, therefore, need regular MBI and waist checks to see how you are progressing. If you notice any increases in the two, visit a health care provider for the above obesity exams and tests.