Obesity is not an external or superficial problem. It should not. Obesity and overweight are known to increase blood pressure, with high blood pressure being the leading cause of stroke. Excess weight also increases the chance of developing other problems that are linked to high cholesterol, strokes, high blood sugar and heart diseases. Being overweight or obese causes many health-related issues especially for adults. Here are some of the risk factors involved in being overweight.
1. Coronary Heart Disease
People with a high body mass index (BMI) are at greater risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). This condition is characterized by coronary arteries that have plaque building inside which can narrow or even block them. The resulting blood flow reduction to the heart muscles can cause a heart attack or chest pains. Heart failure is known to be caused by obesity.
The plaque that builds up in your arteries as a result of obesity can eventually rupture. This rupture will lead to the formation of a blood clot. When such a clot forms near the brain, your brain could be starved of oxygen causing a stroke.
3. High Blood Pressure
Overweight and obesity can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure. This is where the blood pressure is abnormally high meaning the blood is flowing through the arteries at a higher pressure.
4. Type 2 Diabetes
Having a high BMI and waist size also increases your chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes, a condition where the level of glucose in the blood is too high. Diabetes, in turn, can lead to blindness, stroke, CHD, kidney disease, or death.
5. Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic Syndrome is risk factors known to raise the risk of getting health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, or stroke. The group consists of five risk factors namely high blood pressure, large waistline, high triglyceride level, high fasting blood sugar, and low HDL cholesterol level. Having three or more of these risk factors means that you have the metabolic syndrome.
6. Abnormal Blood Fats
Those with a high BMI tend to have a higher risk of having abnormal blood fats. They will tend to have high levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides as well as a low HDL cholesterol levels. These abnormal blood fats increase your CHD risk factor.
7. Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
Obese people often suffer from the breathing disorder called Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS). OHS leads to hypoventilation, where you end up with too much carbon dioxide and hypoxemia where you have a very little concentration of oxygen in the blood. OHS can lead to death as a result.
8. Other risk factors
Obese and overweight people are also likely to suffer from gallstones, osteoarthritis, and sleep apnea. There are also more likely to get breast, colon, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers. Obese women can suffer from infertility or have menstrual issues as a result of their weight.
Overweight and obesity can cause many long-term and short-term health complications. It is, therefore, important to manage your weight to avoid these conditions. Ensure that your body mass index (BMI) is between 18.5 and 24.9 as a BMI of over 25 is associated with being overweight and obese if it is over 30. Ensure that your waist size is also below 35 inches if you are a woman or less than 40 if you are a man.